Abdullah Tancan, Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources, stated that domestic and renewable energy sources have increased significantly in electricity production in the last 10 years and said, “Our electrical installed power of 28 thousand megawatts in 2001 has increased to approximately 104 thousand megawatts as of now. 65 percent of the total installed power. “The rest is made up of domestic and renewable energy sources. 54.5 percent is made up of only renewable sources.” said.
In his opening speech at the “Future of Electromechanical Industry in Line with Net Zero 2050 Targets, Earthquake Reality and Electric Investments for a Sustainable Future Panel” held at the Ankara Chamber of Industry (ASO) Zafer Çağlayan Assembly Meeting Hall, Turkey’s developing economy, increasing population and He said that with the rising living standards, he needs more energy day by day.
Expressing that the energy demand in Turkey has increased by 4-5 percent annually on average in the last 20 years, Tancan said, “One of the basic elements required for our economy to develop and grow in a sustainable way and to be among the top 10 economies of the world is uninterrupted quality and bearable cost. It is energy. We continue to work on obtaining the maximum benefit from our domestic and renewable resources at the point of meeting the increasing energy need, ensuring its predictable structure and producing our energy with national and domestic technologies.” he said.
Tancan pointed out that it is not sufficient to use only domestic and renewable energy sources in terms of achieving the net zero target and ensuring supply security, and that it is important that the technology and components used here are domestic.
Emphasizing that the point reached in this field is proud, Tancan said:
“While a very limited number of components and integrating parts were produced in 2011, we have reached approximately 500 manufacturers, including 120 subcomponent manufacturers, by the end of 2022. Some of them export 80 percent of their production. Each alternative presents different challenges to reach the net zero targets of the countries. This process includes a major transformation in all sectors and a different view to previous systems. With this perspective, Turkey’s National Energy Plan, which was prepared by taking into account the 2023 Net Zero Target announced in 2021, was published at the end of 2022. Within the scope of this study, the demand and supply sides are detailed. It is obvious that climate change will have a significant impact on the energy sector in our country, as it does in the rest of the world.In addition to supplying energy from domestic sources with domestic resources, especially within the scope of achieving 2053 Net Zero Emission targets, some electromechanical devices that are not in widespread use today or are in the saving stage We will continue to support initiatives by following k technologies, based on our energy costs, and by incorporating new environmentally friendly electromechanical technologies into our electricity system. Our electrical installed power of 28 thousand megawatts in 2001 has increased to approximately 104 thousand megawatts as of now. 65% of the total installed power consists of domestic and renewable energy sources. And 54.5% of it consists only of renewable resources.”
In his speech here, ASO Chairman of the Board of Directors Seyit Ardıç said that the production of added value on product basis in the electromechanical industry is above the manufacturing industry average.
Stating that the kilogram value of exports in Turkey is around 1.5 dollars on average with this year’s January data, Ardıç said, “This value is between the lowest 4 dollars and 19 dollars in various sub-sectors of the electromechanical industry. The production and export volume of the sector in Ankara also increased. The kilogram value of the sector’s exports in Ankara is over 8 dollars, and we see that this figure is above the average value of the manufacturing industry of our country and our province.” said.
On the other hand, Ardıç stated that the sector has a significant import requirement in production and that the kilogram value of imports is higher than exports in the sector.
Emphasizing that this situation is similar in many of the sectors with relatively high added value and producing for foreign markets as well as the domestic market, Ardıç said, “On the one hand, we have increased production in quality and quantity with the support of our state and the determination of our industrialists. On the other hand, we have increasing external deficits and financing difficulties. In order to get out of the vicious circle, we need to have a production structure in which the use of domestic inputs is increasing.This will be possible by establishing financial mechanisms that provide technology transfer from abroad, especially by encouraging project-based collaborations and supporting and encouraging technology production in the country, R&D, innovation, patent acquisition processes. ” he said.
Emphasis on “twin transformation”
Ardıç reminded that there are many changes in electricity in Turkey and that we are now producing our own electric cars.
Ardıç said that renewable energy generation plants have become widespread and integrated into the networks.
“In today’s conditions, where energy storage and portable energy systems are more important than ever, we need the industry to make a breakthrough with a renewed vision. For this, current international developments need to be evaluated multidimensionally. First of all, we call ‘twin transformation’, digital transformation and green transformation. “We need to carefully interpret the repercussions of climate change in this industry branch and the other sectors it is related to. Defining the effects of climate change from an industry perspective and shifting to a low-carbon economic model is a priority mission for us.”
Noting that Turkey is in the earthquake zone and that natural disasters caused by global climate change increase the frequency and severity, he said:
“This reality necessitates the establishment of energy production and electrical infrastructure in a way that is resistant to natural disasters. We were shaken by earthquakes as a society in February. The humanitarian dimensions of the disaster are heartbreaking. When we look at the damage caused by the earthquakes and the urgent needs of our citizens living in the earthquake zone, we can see how much the energy infrastructure can provide uninterrupted service. We understand once again that it is vital. Therefore, it is of great importance to strengthen the existing energy infrastructure in our country against disasters and to consider net zero emission targets and energy efficiency, as well as resilience against disasters, in the future energy infrastructure investments to be made in the region by both the public and private sectors.”
Zafer Arabul, Chairman of the Electromechanical Industrialists’ Association (EMSAD), said that Turkey has come a long way in this field since the 2 kilowatt hydroelectric power plant established in Tarsus for the first time in 1902.
Expressing that Turkey has an important infrastructure with an installed power of over 100 thousand megawatts, a transformer capacity of over 250 thousand megawatts, 74 thousand kilometers of transmission lines and 1.5 million kilometers of distribution lines, Arabul said:
“However, the current climate crisis, the changes that have entered our lives such as the epidemic, the recent Ukraine-Russia War, and the electricity infrastructure in the world and in Turkey have undergone rapid changes and transformations. Turkey should take the necessary precautions by taking the earthquake fact into the forefront, as well as this fact. Although we cannot find answers to all questions at the meeting to be held today, we see it as an important meeting where important issues are discussed for determining common steps for the future of the sector, bringing the parties together, raising awareness and for the next meeting.”