According to the information compiled from the 2022 Annual Report of the State Hydraulic Works (DSI), the institution produces projects in order to plan, manage, develop and transfer Turkey’s water resources to future generations.

DSI, the most effective institution responsible for activities related to the development of water resources in Turkey, is responsible for the agricultural irrigation, crop production, flood, energy and other public drinking water and rural areas sectors, energy supply security efficiency and energy market, environment and climate change, soil and water. continues its activities in the use and management of resources and management and support programs.

DSI aims to create a welfare chain extending from the local to the whole country, with studies such as the Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) and the Konya Plain Project (KOP), developed within the framework of the characteristics, needs and potential of each region.

Within this framework, the General Directorate completed 62 dams, 19 ponds and dams, 50 underground storage and artificial feeding facilities, 72 irrigation facilities, 21 consolidation projects, 16 drinking water and wastewater facilities, 10 HEPPs and 146 flood control facilities. Thus, a total of 396 facilities were put into service. In addition, the world’s 5th highest dam in its class, Yusufeli Dam and HEPP, started to hold water on November 22, 2022.

Decrease in annual water amount per capita

While the annual amount of water per capita in Turkey was 1652 cubic meters in 2000, it decreased to 1322 cubic meters last year. Considering the usable water potential per capita, Turkey is among the countries experiencing water stress. For this reason, DSI carries out studies for the multi-purpose use of water resources potential by making use of storage facilities in order to use water economically and optimally.

In addition, efforts are underway to highlight renewal projects in order to prevent losses in irrigations in operation, to use water more effectively and efficiently, to eliminate drainage problems that affect the quality of the soil, and to popularize the use of modern closed irrigation systems instead of classical open system irrigation networks.

In this framework, a total of 182.79 billion cubic meters of water has been stored by DSI in 992 dams and 709 ponds by the end of 2022. In the process of transforming hydroelectric potential into energy, 32,334 megawatts of installed power and 112 billion kilowatt-hours of production were realized in the hydroelectric power plants, which were completed with the cooperation of the public-private sector.

1963 hectares protected from floods

In the drinking water sector, 5.03 billion cubic meters of drinking, domestic and industrial water was supplied with 386 facilities completed. In the agricultural sector, approximately 7 million hectares of land were allowed to meet with water.

DSI’s activities related to the prevention of floods and mitigation of their damages are classified under two main headings as activities with projects involving structural measures and activities without structural measures. Within the framework of structural measures, 146 facilities were completed in 2022 and 204 residential areas and 1963 hectares were protected from floods.

In addition, consolidation has been completed on approximately 6.8 million hectares of land, in addition to 10,413 flood control facilities and 24 wastewater facilities.

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