Turkey, which is highly dependent on foreign sources in terms of natural gas imports, is counting the days for the connection of 710 billion cubic meters of Black Sea gas to the grid within the framework of the Sakarya Gas Field Development Project carried out by the Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO).

It will be available tomorrow night

Tomorrow evening is a milestone in Turkey’s energy sector for the first natural gas discovery made in 2020, 170 kilometers off Zonguldak, and then the introduction of domestic gas, where more than 8,000 personnel on land and more than 2,000 personnel at sea have worked in three shifts for more than two years. will be.

At the Filyos Gas Processing Facility with the participation of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, for the commissioning of the domestic gas that reaches the Sakarya Gas Field Land Facility after a 30-hour journey through pipelines and hundreds of test stages from the Seabed Production Facility 2,200 meters below the sea. Black Sea Gas Commissioning Ceremony” will be held.

It will be delivered to homes in the first half of May

Black Sea gas, which will reduce foreign dependency in energy and contribute greatly to the economy for Turkey, which imports approximately 60 billion cubic meters of gas annually, will be processed at the Sakarya Gas Field Land Facility located at TPAO Filyos Individual Investment Site.

Possible water and foreign substances in the gas will be separated here and made in accordance with the standards of Pipelines and Petrol Taşıma AŞ (BOTAŞ). The gas will then be transferred to BOTAŞ’ Main Metering Station and then to the national gas grid.

It is aimed to deliver domestic gas to homes in the first half of May.

With Phase-2 production, gas needs of all houses will be met

The process of extracting natural gas will proceed in phases. 5 of the 10 wells planned within the scope of Phase-1 will be commissioned after the ceremony tomorrow, and the remaining 5 wells will be commissioned at the end of September.

Phase-2 production is expected to start in 2026, and phase-3 is expected to start in 2028 with the inclusion of Amasra Field in production.

Daily gas production will be 10 million cubic meters in Phase-1, 40 million cubic meters in Phase-2, and 60 million cubic meters in Phase-3. In Phase-2, it is aimed to meet all the needs of the houses in Turkey with domestic gas.

Around 50 support ships are on duty for Black Sea gas

In addition to Fatih, Yavuz and Kanuni drilling vessels from Turkey’s marine energy fleet, about 50 support vessels are working in the Sakarya Gas Field Development Project. 40 thousand data collection points are used in the project.

With the information obtained from the data collection points, the entire system, including the opening and closing of the valves, is remotely controlled using the first of its generation digital twin technology ZEKİ, developed by Turkish engineers.

“We will approach new natural gas contracts with a satisfied buyer’s eye”

Turkey Energy Strategies and Policy Research Center (TESPAM) President Oğuzhan Akyener, in his assessment on the contribution of Black Sea gas to the economy, stated that 10 million cubic meters of gas per day can meet 5-6 percent of Turkey’s annual consumption, which will have many direct or indirect contributions to the economy. told.

Pointing out that there is no fixed price mechanism in natural gas and that the market is very dynamic, Akyener continued as follows:

“The prices in the EPİAŞ markets in winter had risen to 25 liras per cubic meter or even higher. Currently, it is around 9-10 liras. In the first phase, 10 million cubic meters will be produced per day. If we multiply 10 million cubic meters by 10 based on today’s EPİAŞ average spot sales price, it is 100 million liras per day. This means an income of about 400 million liras in the second phase.”

Expressing that the economic value will increase with the increase in natural gas production, Akyener said, “Assuming that we produce 3.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas per year and taking the spot market prices of EPİAŞ as an average of 10 liras, the contribution of the first phase gas to the economy will be approximately 35 billion liras.” said.

Regarding the possible contributions of Black Sea gas to Turkey in the winter months, Akyener said, “When prices increase in winter, it becomes difficult to find gas. We buy spot natural gas at high prices from outside. In this way, we may not have to buy spot natural gas from outside.” he said.

Pointing out that Turkey will sit on the table stronger in a period when natural gas contracts expire, Akyener said, “We will approach new natural gas contracts with a satisfied buyer’s eye. You renew the contracts as they expire. By saying, ‘I already have natural gas,’ you can cut prices on new contracts with the logic of a full buyer. ” used the phrases.

The adventure of gas discovery in the Black Sea

Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) made a natural gas discovery of 320 billion cubic meters in the Tuna-1 well in August 2020. When drilling in the Danube-1 well was completed in October 2020, the reserve amount in the well was updated to 405 billion cubic meters with a revision of 85 billion cubic meters.

In June 2021, a new reserve of 135 billion cubic meters was discovered in the Amasra-1 well. With the new discoveries, the total natural gas reserve in the Black Sea has reached 540 billion cubic meters.

In December 2022, the aforementioned reserve was updated as 652 billion cubic meters as a result of the reassessment of the independent institution DeGolyer & MacNaughton, and it was announced that a new 58 billion cubic meters of reserve was discovered in the Çaycuma-1 well.

Thus, the total amount of reserves in the Black Sea reached 710 billion cubic meters as of December 2022.

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