Petroleum, which is formed by the metamorphosis of carbon-based and organic substances, is both an important energy source and a chemical raw material. In addition to being one of the important sources of factories, vehicles and electricity generation, it is used in hundreds of different areas such as plastics, cleaning detergents and textile products. While oil fields are found in Adıyaman, Batman, Diyarbakır, Siirt, Şanlıurfa and Mardin in Turkey, exploration works on land and in the sea are also continuing. Turkey’s production, which is still able to produce about one-seventh of its needs, has increased significantly over the years. The most important reason why less oil discoveries are made in Turkey than in neighboring countries is that the deposits are deeper due to geographical features.

From Cengen to Gabar

The first sounding within the borders of today’s Turkey was opened in Iskenderun Cengen in 1890. In 1940, oil was found in the Raman-1 well in Batman. Between 1934-1955, 100 thousand meters of drilling was carried out and 95 explorations were made. In 2022, 421 thousand 408 meters of drilling were carried out in 191 exploration works. While oil was detected in 49 wells, production was made in 65 wells.

There Are More Than 5,500 Wells

As of the end of 2022, there are a total of 5,532 wells in Turkey and 10 million 534 thousand 898 meters of drilling has been done. A total of 3 million 886 thousand tons of oil was produced in 2 thousand 236 of these wells. 3,407 of the wells belong to the Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO), 104 to the General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration (MTA), 346 to domestic companies, 1,304 to foreign companies, 371 to local-foreign partners. owned by companies.

Production Increases Every Year

In 1999, 2 million 939 thousand 896 tons of crude oil was produced in Turkey. The production, which was close to this figure until 2020, reached 3 million 202 thousand 924 tons this year. The production, which was 3 million 441 thousand 659 tons in 2021, was recorded as 3 million 583 thousand 40 tons in 2022.

Turkey’s Reserve

According to current findings, Turkey has a total of 1 billion 205 billion 926 thousand 331 tons of oil reserves. 239 million 639 thousand 1 tons of this can be produced. The cumulative production is 169 million 829 out of 912 tons, the remaining producible oil amount is 70 million 829 thousand 89 tons.

New Good News Awaiting From Gabar

In 2022, 150 million barrels of net oil reserves were discovered in Şırnak Gabar Mountain. A daily production of 5 thousand barrels is made in 4 wells in the field, which is estimated to have a value of approximately 12 billion dollars. This discovery is above the average production in Turkey. In addition, good news is expected for a new discovery. All kinds of production, regardless of whether it is more or less, is given importance as it will reduce foreign dependency.

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