According to the compilation made from the data of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Turkey’s electricity installed power reached 104 thousand 487 megawatts as of the end of April. The share of biomass and waste heat energy in the total electrical installed power was 2.27 percent.
According to the Biomass Energy Potential Atlas data of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, the total economic energy equivalent of the wastes that can be collected is calculated as approximately 3.9 million tons of oil equivalent annually.
While technologies used to transform the energy in unlimited natural resources such as water, wind and sun into usable energy form in modern life diversify and develop, the use of wastes reaching thousands of tons in energy production is also increasing.
Electricity can be produced from biomass and waste heat in almost all regions of Turkey. As of the end of March, the installed power of electrical energy from biomass reached a capacity of 2,380 megawatts with power plants located in 74 provinces.
Biomass, which is a sustainable and renewable resource, stands out as a type of energy obtained by burning organic materials. Especially crop residues, forest products, aquatic plants, as well as commercial or domestic wastes can be used as fuel in the operation of the system.
In large-scale production sectors, a certain amount of heat is generally used in processes where heating is involved, such as the iron-steel and glass industry, while the remaining part is discharged in different ways, mostly through flue gases.
It is possible to produce electricity with this type of energy called “waste heat”. Thus, electricity is generated by using free fuel, providing economic benefits and making a significant contribution to environmental awareness.