Considering the current technology in Turkey, there is more than 40 gigawatts of offshore wind energy potential.
Ufuk Yaman, vice president of offshore wind energy of the Turkish Wind Energy Association (TÜREB), explained that all seas are evaluated, but the Marmara and Aegean Regions are advantageous in many respects.
In this context, Yaman stated that projects such as Wind Industry Specialization Zone and Logistics Center in İzmir Çandarlı, Tuzla and Yalova Offshore Wind Turbine, Platform and Parts Production Center, and TR22 Region Offshore Wind Farm Fields and Port in Çanakkale and Balıkesir were evaluated. :
“Offshore wind studies continue in different areas, some of which are carried out by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, General Directorate of Energy Affairs (EIGM), and some are carried out by academia and international organizations and development agencies. Our EIGM officials are in contact with the Danish and German energy ministries and other relevant institutions. It carries out strategic studies on offshore and various project development studies for the planned tenders. Various scientific studies on the academic side include offshore wind measurements, wind potential studies and grid integration studies. Some other concrete projects are offshore, carried out by our development agencies. determination of wind potential areas, equipment production and port points can be mentioned as studies.”
“We need to bring up the concept of Power-to-X in the wind”
Yaman stated that the capacity of terrestrial turbines has reached 7 megawatts and 15 megawatts in offshore power plants as of this year, and noted that the design and prototype works of 20 megawatt turbines with current technologies are continuing.
Emphasizing that in the near future, when the total installed capacity of wind in Turkey is targeted as 30 gigawatts, onshore and onshore, the grid operator Türkiye Elektrik Üretim AŞ (TEİAŞ) has allocated 37 gigawatts of capacity, including the installed power, for onshore wind power plants, Yaman said. He stated that different models can be used in infrastructure and policies.
Pointing out that the installed capacity will increase with the projects and currently pending works, Yaman continued as follows:
“If we include the TÜREB YEKA project, pending storage integrated onshore wind power plants (WPP) and capacity increase applications in our project stock, the total capacity allocated for onshore reaches 50 gigawatts, almost twice the targeted capacity. This is in theory TEİAŞ’s offshore WPP. For this, we should bring up the Power-to-X concept. Converting the green energy produced in the Power-to-X concept into a different chemical form such as hydrogen and methanol and transporting it to the consumption point in this form is among the options. In addition to power generation, a project can also be designed to integrate the offshore WPP capacity into a facility that will export hydrogen to Europe.Power-to-x refers to the conversion of electricity to carbon neutral synthetic fuels.With this method, the production of hydrogen, synthetic natural gas, liquid fuels and chemicals is carbon neutral can be done.”